Adrenaline Broadcasting Teaches Videography Basics
In this blog post, Adrenaline Broadcasting covers videography basics to give readers a better understanding of how we create videos and how videos are created in general. To do this, we’ve broken the basics down into the three categories in which they are used: pre-production, production (shooting) and post-production.
Here are the central principles that will ensure your video is ready to be shot:
Script: It is important to first establish what it is you are going to film and how you are going to deliver what you film into a clean, concise message.
Storyboard: A storyboard is a sequence of drawings, typically with some directions and dialogue, representing the shots planned for video production. It’s important to create a shot list to avoid finding out later that you forgot a major piece of what you need for your video.
Checklist: Make sure you compile a checklist to ensure that you didn’t forget essentials like extra batteries or film, because then you will end up spending time that should be spent capturing your shots, running around finding supplies.
Permits: This isn’t crucial with all shoots, but it is if you’re planning on shooting in a public location, which may be necessary. If you don’t have a permit from your local film office and you start shooting at a public location, you run the risk of the police coming to put an end to your shoot.
Here are some videography basics to help you shoot the video of your dreams:
Basic Camera Shots: There are four basic camera shots in still and video film. These entail: wide shots (scene-setters which display an overall view), medium shots (these account for most of the shots used in the middle of a production), close-up shots (these detail shots help advance the story) and long shots (these use a long lens or long focal length, which gives the appearance of compression).
10 Second Rule: Make sure you shoot at least 10 seconds for each shot. Most shots only last about five seconds, but it’s important to have the extra space to give you more opportunities for use.
Tripod: Always use a tripod to ensure steady video. The only exception is when you’re shooting handheld shots for effect or tracking your subject.
Zooms: You can shoot zooms, in and out shots, to vary distance. It’s important that these shots are smooth. Shoot a variety of these to establish distance and perspective. This can also be done in post-production, which is called the Ken Burns effect, after the famous documentarian and videographer.
The Rule of Thirds: The rule of third entails aligning a subject with guide lines (divide your frame into three rows and three columns to achieve these lines) and their intersection points, placing the horizon on the top or bottom line. Studies have shown it’s most pleasing for viewers to look at the main subject in the viewfinder, as it gives them a place to rest their eyes.
Horizon Lines: Use horizontal lines of the viewfinder grid to place the horizon lines of scenic locations.
These guidelines will help you to clean up, edit and give your own aesthetic to the video you’ve shot.
Editing Programs: It’s important to choose an editing program you feel comfortable using. Popular programs include: iMovie, Final Cut Pro and Adobe Premiere Pro. Tutorials can easily be found online to familiarize you with the software and learn how to properly utilize it for the best production ever.
B-roll: B-roll entails background video which encompasses video shots that can be used to help tell the story. It’s important to be thinking of the necessity of b-roll while filming so you can shoot plenty. It’s better to have too much video than not enough.
Post-production camera effects: You can utilize the Ken Burns Effect during post-production, by adding scale and movement to a photo or video clip. You can also use the Adobe program After Effects to add post-production effects.